open access publication

Article, 2024

Reducing preferred listening levels in headphones through coherent audiotactile stimulation

JASA EXPRESS LETTERS, Volume 4, 1, 10.1121/10.0024516


Liapikou, Eirini [1] Marozeau, Jeremy (Corresponding author) [1]


  1. [1] Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Hlth Technol, Mus & Cochlear Implants Lab, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark
  2. [NORA names: DTU Technical University of Denmark; University; Denmark; Europe, EU; Nordic; OECD]


Using headphones may expose the listener to potentially harmful levels of sound. This study examines whether introducing tactile vibrations to the listening experience would encourage them to reduce their headphone volume. Fifteen participants adjusted their preferred listening levels for four diverse music tracks under audio-only and audiotactile conditions. Results indicated a significant decrease in preferred audio levels with added tactile stimulation. This effect was particularly significant in songs featuring a strong beat. In contrast, only a minimal effect was observed for genres such as classical music, which typically lack a pronounced beat, at higher vibration intensities. These findings suggest that integrating tactile feedback could be a viable strategy for lowering sound exposure risk.(c) 2024 Author(s). All article content, except where otherwisenoted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (

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